Low Level Laser Therapy References


PBM Therapy – previously known as Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) – is the application of red/near-infrared light to tissue where there is degeneration or injury, to improve repair and reduce inflammation/pain. Click here for samples of published research

Further References:

1. Brosseau, L. et al. (2005). “Low level laser therapy (Classes I, II and III) for treating rheumatoid arthritis”.Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4)

2. Jamtvedt, G.; Dahm, K. T.; Christie, A.; Moe, R. H.; Haavardsholm, E.; Holm, I.; Hagen, K. B. (2007). “Physical Therapy Interventions for Patients with Osteoarthritis of the Knee: an Overview of Systematic Reviews”. Physical Therapy 88 (1): 123–136

3. Chow, RT.; Johnson, MI.; Lopes-Martins, RA.; Bjordal, JM. “Efficacy of low-level laser therapy in the management of neck pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised placebo or active-treatment controlled trials.”.The Lancet, Volume 374, Issue 9705, page 1897 to 1908 5 December 2009

4. Tumilty, S.; Munn, J.; McDonough, S.; Hurley, D. A.; Basford, J. R.; Baxter, G. D. (2010). “Low Level Laser Treatment of Tendinopathy: A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis”. Photomedicine and Laser Surgery 28 (1): 3

5. Karu T. Photobiology of low-power laser effects. Health Phys. 1989;56:691–704. [PubMed]

6.  Huang YY, Chen AC, Carroll JD, et al. Biphasic dose response in low level light therapy. Dose Response.2009;7:358–383. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

7.  Karu T. Primary and secondary mechanisms of action of visible to near-IR radiation on cells. J Photochem Photobiol B. 1999;49:1–17. [PubMed]

8. Javad T. Hashmi, MD, Ying-Ying Huang, MD, […], and Michael R. Hamblin, PhD, Role of Low Level Laser Therapy in Neurorehabilitation. American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation PM&R. 2010 December; 2(12 Suppl 2): S292–S305.

9.  The Nuts and Bolts of LLLT – Ann Biomed Eng. 2012 February

10. Mechanisms of Low Level Laser Therapy – Michael Hamblin, Department of Dematology, Havard Medical School

11. Chow et al Lancet 2009.pdf

12. A NASA Discovery has Current Applications in Orthopaedics 14 August 2008

13. Light therapy tackles eye injuries-12July2002-NewScientist.pdf

Further publications may be found on

Toorak, Victoria, Melbourne

Laser Pain Therapy Australia
Tok H Centre
Level 1, 459 Toorak Road
Toorak, 3142
Ph: (03) 8529 2225
Email us :


Get In Touch

Your Name (required)

Your Email (required)

Your Phone (required)


Your Message

Our Mission

We are dedicated to helping those in pain find relief that is safe, effective and affordable
We provide Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT), or cold laser therapy, which is proven to offer a safe, non-invasive and painless solution to both acute injuries and chronic pain.

Design & developed by
Dedicated to Drug Free Pain Relief and Healing